Khadi is handspun, hand-woven natural fiber cloth from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan mainly made out of cotton.The cloth is usually woven from cotton which is spun into yarn on a spinning wheel called a charkha and this primitive process can create uneven and unique hand feel on it’s surface.
Swadeshi movement of boycotting English products during the first two decades of the twentieth Century was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi started spinning himself and encouraging others to do so. He left behind the word,”Khadi is not just a cloth. It is thought.”
Ikat is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.
In ikat the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern (ikat means "to bind" in the Indonesian language). The yarns are then dyed. The bindings may then be altered to create a new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another colour. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth.