手法紹介 染め<Dye>

Tie&Dye

タイダイ(Tie&Dye)とは布地を縫い縮めたり,巻いたり,圧迫したりして染色液の浸入を防いで染料に浸し,模様を表す方法です。模様を彫った板で挟み込んだ後に染めて模様を表現するClam dyeや、鹿の子絞り、柳絞り。くくり染め、くくし染めなど絞り方や染め方で様々な模様ができます。一つとして同じ模様ができないことが魅力です。

"Tied and dyed" is a set of ancient resist-dyeing techniques, and for the products of these processes. The process of tie-dye typically consists of folding, twisting, pleating, or crumpling fabric or a garment and binding with string or rubber bands, followed by application of dye(s). The manipulations of the fabric prior to application of dye are called resists, as they partially or completely prevent the applied dye from coloring the fabric.


Batik

バテック(Batik)は蝋を使った染めの方法です。蝋をしみこませた部分が白く染め残る性質を利用します。溶かした蝋で布地に模様を描き、染色後に蝋を取り除きます。
防染のための蝋がひび割れたところに染料が入ることで独特の染め上がりになります。

Batik is a method of dyeing in which patterned areas are covered with wax so they will not receive the colour. The method is used mainly on cottons and in the traditional colours of blue, brown, and red. Multicoloured and blended effects are obtained by repeating the dyeing process several times, with the initial pattern of wax boiled off and another design applied before redyeing. The basic technique, originated at an unknown time, was apparently practiced widely in Southeast Asia with local variations.


Vegetable dye

ベジタブルダイ(草木染め)は、合成染料(化学染料)を用いた染色に対して、天然染料を用いた染色を区別するために生じた呼称です。タマネギや落花生の皮のような身近なものも染料になるので、活用されています。

Vegetable dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plant sources—roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood.