Welcome to our Agroforestry project!
By Toyota Environmental Activity Grant Program

Helping Hands & Hearts Japan, Inc. (HH&H Japan) supports agroforestry projects in Leyte, Philippines. This project is funded by the Toyota Environmental Grant Program (2019-2020). The project in the field has been carried out by its local counterpart, the Water, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development Foundation (WAND Foundation), with HH&H Japan providing buckup support for its activities. In addition, HH&H Japan has steadily put forward the project in cooperation with Ritsumeikan University's Associate Professor Yuichiro Amakawa, an expert in agroecology, as well as with local government agencies. We hope that our activities, which are aimed at disaster recovery, improving livelihoods, and strengthening the ability of local communities to cope with environmental changes, will serve as a model case for enhancing people’s ability to cope with and adapt to the impacts of climate change as seen around the world.

Seedlings are grown by local farmers participating in the project.

Seedlings grown to the proper size are distributed on bicycles and bikes.

The significance and effectiveness of the project are well communicated to the farmers participating in this project.
The significance and effectiveness of the project are well communicated to the farmers participating in this project.

Project overview

Project name
Climate change measures through promotion of coconut farmers’
agroforestry conversion in rural areas around Tanauan
Area name
Rural area around Tanauan, Leyte, Philippines
Activity period
January 2019-December 2020
Local implementation
organization
WAND Foundation
Grant source
Toyota Environmental Grant Project
Overview
To strengthen the adaptive capacity of coconut farmers and the local environment around Tanauan City in the northeastern part of Leyte Province affected by Typhoon Haiyan through conversion to agroforestry (AF) and afforestation. In Tanauan City, community entry and business operations will be initiated in two target villages. The project will then identify 35 households that are willing to diversify their crops, engage in reforestation and farmer-to-farmer outreach, and train them as demonstration farms to train other coconut farmers about new agricultural techniques. The project will also improve biodiversity by guiding a number of farmers in reforestation activities. In addition, the project will provide field education on various agricultural practices such as farm layout, organic fertilizer production, actual planting, pest control and pruning. Finally, the project will utilize local organizations that will take over the project after the end of the grant period to increase farm income through market research and partnerships with government agencies to increase farmers’ ability to market and process food products.
Activity period
January 2019-December 2020

While sharing issues with local farmers and forest owners,
we will move forward "without rushing"

Background of Activities

Typhoon Haiyan struck Leyte Province, Philippines in November 2013, killing about 7,000 people, mostly in the eastern part of the province. Such a massive typhoon attack in the province was unprecedented, and there are suspicions of global climate change impacts, both locally and internationally. The main impact of the typhoon on the rural economy and the environment has been severe damage to coconut trees and forest trees. Many of the coconut farmers who suffered unprecedented damage have abandoned farming activities and engaged in off-farm employment, including migration to cities, to sustain their livelihoods. In addition, environmental problems such as soil erosion, landslides, diminished freshwater supplies and loss of biodiversity have occurred. To address these rural problems, we proposed a climate change countermeasure based on biodiversity protection through agroforestry conversion and afforestation activities for typhoon-affected farmers who had been accustomed to monoculture coconut cultivation.

Overview of Activities

The main objective of the project is to provide local-level climate action for coconut farmers and the local environment in northeastern Leyte Province, which was severely affected by the November 2013 typhoon. The measures are mainly aimed at addressing the three aspects of climate change for the local population: (1) coping (securing immediate livelihoods of farmers), (2) resilience (maximizing the resilience of socio-ecological systems), and (3) adaptation (preparing for future disasters). Specifically, the project will achieve these objectives through diversification of crops, afforestation activities, and promotion of farmer-to-farmer outreach of agroforestry in the northeastern part of Leyte, which were aggravated by years of coconut monoculture and the super typhoon.

Activity report table of contents

July-December 2020 Second year final report
January-June 2020 Second year interim report
July-December 2019 First year final report
January-June 2019 First year interim report
July-December 2019 First year final report

July-December 2020 Second year final report

Activities are in progress.

January-June 2020 Second year interim report

Schedule

January-June
-Strengthen local villager organizations in charge of tree planting through organizational management training

-Continuation of planting of trees, vegetables, fruits and mushrooms (total 15,000 trees in 6 months)

-Continuation of training and technical support for agroforestry extension between farmers (workshop will be held in January)

April
Educational seminar on climate change countermeasures for 300 villagers participating in the project

May
Education seminar on agricultural market sales and marketing for 300 villagers participating in the project


June
-Educational seminar on empowerment of farmer organizations for 300 villagers participating in the project

- The Formal management organization will be established by one of the local organizations to sell agricultural products harvested in this program

-The number of demonstration farms that promote agroforestry between farmers will be expanded to 30% of the total project participants number (90 households)

 

Result or status

  • We have some difficulty conducting the training due to local restrictions related to the avoidance of the spread of COVID-19. There are returning Locally Stranded Individuals (LSI) which caused strict lock-down procedures in the barrios.

 

  • A total of 7,500 fruit and timber trees and vegetables were planted during this period.

 

  • We were unable to hold the workshop due to community restrictions as a result of the pandemic.

 

  • Instead of conducting the seminar which is prohibited during this time, we had individual visits to community leaders and conducted one-on-one discussions.

 

  • This was not done during this reporting period as restriction on gathering in the community is still in force.

 

  • This was not done either and we need to find some other means to conduct seminars as restriction on community gatherings is imposed.

 

  • Discussions and preliminary agreements are forged with community leaders but the establishment of the organization to handle marketing of the products is hold in abeyance.

 

  • A total of 22 demonstration farms that promote agroforestry were added during this reporting period

 

 

 

Achievements within this reporting period
Environmental regeneration / restoration activities: Example) Afforestation over the abandoned cultivated land.


Regeneration / restoration activity target area 300 hectares
Total activity time 1,200 hours
Tree planting / number of plants

7,500

The number of participants

472

Tree planting / number of plants

7,500

Achievements / Achievements (January-June 2020)

In the first (January-June 2019) and second (July-December 2019) phases of the program, the targets were achieved as planned. However, due to the impact of the recent coronavirus pandemic on the community, the rate of achievement of the target in the third phase (January-June 2020) was significantly slower. In the project areas, quarantine and lockdown measures were implemented by local authorities, preventing the movement and contact of farmers and program promotion staff. Strictly enforced social distances prevented us from conducting community meetings and training. Communities are experiencing food crises and unemployment, and there are concerns about possible food deprivation in the future. By the second phase, more than 90% of the participants had improved their understanding of the project, but in the third phase, only 60% of the participants improved their understanding of the project because they were forced to participate in educational seminars through individual visits and phone calls. We will continue to provide support for further understanding of the project. Due to travel restrictions in the local area, it was not possible to take photographs of the activities.


July-December 2019 First year final report

Schedule

July
-Strengthening of local villager organizations in charge of tree planting through organizational management training


-Continuation of planting of trees, vegetables, fruits and mushrooms (total 24,000 trees in 6 months)

-Continuation of training and technical support for agroforestry extension between farmers (workshop will be held in July)

August
Observational visits by the Helping Hands staff and a consultant from Japan

October
Educational seminar on climate change countermeasures for 300 villagers participating in the project

November
Education seminar on agricultural market sales and marketing for 300 villagers participating in the project

December
-Educational seminar on empowerment of farmer organizations for 300 villagers participating in the project


-The number of demonstration farms that promote agroforestry between farmers has expanded to 20% of project participants of the total number (60 households)

- Conducting socio-economic and environmental surveys for evaluation in the first year. (interviews with 300 households and observation of farmland.)

-Analysis of survey results, identification of issues in the final year and formulation of countermeasures.

Result or status

  •  Conducted 2 sets of training to 3 village associations on organizational management and conflict management. A total of 24,500 fruit and timber trees and vegetables were planted by 300 farmers. In addition, 150 members of civic groups participated in the tree planting activities.

 

  • Three WAND experts and 2 on-call personnel from the area provided field visits and advice to farmers who are participating in the project.

 

  • A monitoring visit by the Helping Hands staff and a consultant from Japan was smoothly held.

 

  • Three village-level educational seminars on climate change was successfully conducted with 275 participants.

 

  • One orientation about agricultural marketing possibilities was done. The major seminar about this theme will be done on the second year as it is deemed too early to do at this time.

 

  • Three village-level seminars on local leadership development were successfully done with 300 farmer attendees.

 

  • Sixty five more demonstration farms promoting agroforestry were established.

 

  • Socio-economic and environmental survey was done. The analysis of the survey is currently being finalized. Issues about project implementation is also being generated. So far there are no major issues relevant to the project.

Achievements within this reporting period
Environmental regeneration / restoration activities: Example) Afforestation over the abandoned cultivated land.

Regeneration / restoration activity target area 300 hectares
Total activity time 3,000 hours
Tree planting / number of plants

24,500

The number of participants

450

Tree planting / number of plants

24,500

Achievements and Results (July - December 2019)

A socio-economic and environmental study was carried out. We are in the process of identifying issues for the final year of the project, but so far there have been no major issues related to the project. We have maintained close relations not only with the farmers and local organizations participating in the project, but also with local authorities in the project area and government agencies such as the Ministry and the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment. Although we did not plan to do so in the beginning, civic organizations in Tanauan City have also been able to actively participate in the tree planting activities.

Field Visits 2019
HD video posted on Facebook


January-June 2019 First year interim report

Schedule

January
-Project entry to the target area around Tanauan

February
-Socio-economic and bio-environmental survey (Rapid Rural Appraisal with 400 farmer households)

March
-Formation of neighborhood tree planting groups (1 group to be established)


-Begin training and technical assistance for extension for farmer-to-farmer agroforestry conversion (including a workshop)

-Identify 35 demo-farms who will promote farmer-to-farmer agroforestry conversion

-Begin planting of trees, vegetables, fruits and mushrooms (15,000 trees will be planted in four months till June 2019)

April
-Educational seminar to the 300 participant households on climate change adaptation

May
-Educational seminar to the 300 participant households on the marketing of farm products

-Educational seminar to the 300 participant households on the strengthening of village organizations

Result or status

  •  Conducted courtesy calls with municipal and barrio officials. Explained about the rationale and activities of the project.

 

  • Five WAND surveyors conducted socio-economic and bio-environmental survey to 150 farmers.

 

  • Three neighborhood tree planting groups (1 per barrio covered) was formed.

 

  • Two WAND experts conducted training and technical assistance for farmer-to-farmer agroforestry conversion.

 

  • Thirty-five demo-farms promoting farmer-to-farmer agroforestry conversion were identified.

 

  • A total of 16,000 trees, vegetables and fruits were planted and taken care of by growers.

 

  • Educational seminars with 330 participant-households on climate change adaptation was done at the barrio and sub-barrio levels.

 

  • Not yet done as this is deemed too early during project implementation.

 

  • We initially conducted 4 seminars with 240 participants on the strengthening of village associations.

 

 

Achievements achieved within this reporting period
Environmental restoration / restoration activities Example) Restoration of afforestation / abandoned cultivated land, etc.

Regeneration / restoration activity target area 300 hectares
Total activity time 4,800 hours
Tree planting / number of plants

16,000

The number of participants

300

Tree planting / number of plants

16,000

Local activity report video
KABALIKAT Civicom- 278 MOLAVE Chapter WAND HD video posted on Facebook

Achievements (January-June 2019)

A total of 16,000 trees, vegetables and fruits were planted and are currently being cultivated by 300 farmers in 300 hectares. An educational seminar on climate change adaptation was held for 330 households participating in the project. A questionnaire survey showed that the level of understanding of the project improved by 95%.


Introduction of project manager and consultant

Yuichiro Amekawa
Ritsumeikan University Faculty of International Relations Associate Professor

Dr. Amekawa (Ph.D., Iowa State University) has studied the role of the so-called “sustainable agriculture,” which collectively includes organic farming, integrated agriculture, agroforestry and good agricultural practices (GAP), in the management, livelihood and environmental protection of small-scale farmers in developing countries. His research has focused on Southeast Asia (especially Thailand).

Elmer Velasco Sayre
WAND Foundation Secretary-General

Dr. Elmer (Ph.D., University of the Philippines) has engaged in the promotion of small-scale food security projects near Dipolog City, Philippines, of agroforestry and sustainable livelihoods in the Svanen community in Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines, and of vegetable gardening for farmers affected by Haiyan Typhoon in northern Leyte.

Elmer Velasco Sayre
WAND Foundation Secretary-General

Dr. Elmer (Ph.D., University of the Philippines) has engaged in the promotion of small-scale food security projects near Dipolog City, Philippines, of agroforestry and sustainable livelihoods in the Svanen community in Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines, and of vegetable gardening for farmers affected by Haiyan Typhoon in northern Leyte.

Group introduction

It is with your important thoughts and your support that we are working today to create a future in which we can live in harmony with our multiple cultures. This project will continue to support the recovery of climate change-affected coconut farmers in Leyte and strengthen their resilience to climate change.

Toyota’s basic philosophy of social contribution is to work together with a wide range of members of society for the realization of a prosperous society and its sustainable development, making effective use of the resources we have at our disposal, and to develop activities tailored to the conditions in each country and region to foster the next generation of leaders and solve social issues. Based on this basic philosophy, the Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program provides grants for projects implemented by private non-profit organizations and other organizations with the aim of fostering the next generation of environmental conservationists and resolving environmental issues.

The WAND Foundation provides social development programs to communities in the Philippines with an emphasis on biodiversity, environmental and agricultural sectors, and rural entrepreneurship in collaboration with WAND Foundation, the local NGO that promotes the use of household waste as fertilizer for cropping and vegetation.

Overview

Organization name
Helping Hands and Hearts Japan Inc. (HH&H Japan )
Projects
Agroforestry Project
Multicultural Project
Language school
Global seminars
Website
https://hhahj.jpn.org/
Phone
052-710-7479 
Address
3-18-1 Sakae, Naka-ku, Nagoya-shi, Aichi
Phone
052-710-7479 

HH&H Japan is active in Japan and abroad with the mission of "achieving multiculturalism". Our domestic multicultural activities include international exchanges through language learning and seminars for international understanding. In particular, our Japanese language program is designed to increase the number of foreigners who understand the Japanese language and culture, and to expand the familiarity with and understanding of Japan to the rest of the world. In addition, we promote Japanese language teaching as one of the important grassroots activities for building a peaceful world by respecting different cultures to each other. We are promoting the internationalization of our country by realizing multicultural coexistence through international exchange. Overseas, we are engaged in tree-planting and agriculture in Southeast Asia to combat global warming. In collaboration with university research institutes and local counterpart NGOs, we support activities to promote agroforestry and agroecology as a practical technology for sustainable global environmental protection.

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Please feel free to contact us.